CBD and THC are both cannabinoids (kan-uh-buh-noids) produced in the flowers of cannabis plants. Cannabis contains upwards of a hundred different cannabinoids, most in very small quantities, THC & CBD being the two most common and well known. Other lesser well known but important cannabinoids include CBG, CBDVa, THCVa, CBC. Scientific studies for cannabis are still in their infancy, and most studies have focused on these cannabinoids. Both cannabinoids have therapeutic qualities, but since our store is located in a non legal state, we’ll mostly focus on the benefits of CBD. We’ll update this article when TN legalizes marijuana!
THC is the psychoactive component of marijuana, meaning it’s the thing in cannabis that gets you high. It’s currently federally illegal, but as of 2019 33 states have medical marijuana and 10 states and Washington DC have legalized adult recreational use. THC combines with CB1 receptors in the brain which is what causes the euphoric high associated with marijuana. THC has been used medically in some states since the 1990’s. Some of the conditions high THC marijuana has been used to treat include glaucoma, cancer, chronic pain, epilepsy, asthma, auto immune disorders and more.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non intoxicating cannabinoid that also provides users with therapeutic benefits. CBD is a powerful anti-inflammatory that has been used by millions to help alleviate a vast number of ailments. Pre-clinical studies have shown that CBD can improve symptoms including chronic pain, anxiety, MS, epilepsy, cancer, insomnia, etc. Most people are able to enjoy CBD with no side effects, but the ones who do report side effects as being mild. There is no known toxic amount of CBD (or THC) – you can’t overdose on CBD.
Marijuana can bring on paranoia and increased anxiety in some users. CBD can counteract this anxiety. If you ever find yourself in a legal state and feel like you got too high, taking some CBD can help mellow you out and bring you back down to a manageable level.
Marijuana vs Hemp
Marijuana and hemp are the exact same plant. They are both Cannabis. The distinction between marijuana and hemp is a legal one and has to do with the THC percentage found in the flower of the female cannabis plant. Federal law classifies cannabis as hemp if the THC content is lower than 0.3% on a dry weight basis. Anything above that is classified as marijuana and remains federally illegal despite most states having some sort of legal marijuana.
For years cannabis has been bred in order to increase the THC content of marijuana. With the rise in popularity of CBD, breeders are increasingly working towards making hemp strains with really high CBD to THC ratios. The next few years should be a very exciting time for hemp flower as the growers get better and breeders create more interesting and potent strains!